It is one of the longest living cultures of South America, with 27 and a half centuries since 1500 BC 1200, A.C. The pre-Hispanic city of Tiwanaku was the capital of a large Andean state that comprised the territory named Altiplano (then countries were not yet formed) which covers parts of Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.
The capital of this empire is Tiwanaku, also called Taipikala, it is located 70 km northwest of the city of La Paz and at an altitude of 3,885 m and 15 km from Lake Titicaca.
The building features are unique and splendid in the capital, architects and planners merge with a unique line-art and designed lavish temples, the engineers calculated the inclinations of the walls, and with an excellent urbanistic technique they created above and underground networks of canals to eliminate rainwater and sewage.
Puerta del Sol. This monument of Tiwanaku is known worldwide as the largest evidence of the degree of perfection attained by this culture, both for art as for the symbols they cherish in their carvings.
This beautiful lithic portal (worked in a single block of andesite stone of about 10 tons. weight) was not, in the past, an isolated piece, but rather part of a larger building that could've been placed on top of the Pyramid Akapana or in the same kalasasaya, where there are several pieces of the same material.
This is one of the most accomplished architectural achievements of the golden age of Tiwanaku. It is more than 2 meters below the surrounding area, an almost quadrangular base, consists of 57 sustaining pillars with red sandstone blocks of the same material. These walls are adorned by 175 heads tucked inside, mostly worked in limestone. All the heads are different, showing features of various ethnic groups.
MONOLITO BENNETT MUSEUM
Monolito "Pachamama" or Bennett, the ultimate expression of the Tiwanaku stone statues can be seen in the New Museum of lithic pieces.
Kantatayita "Light of Dawn" is one of the most extraordinary pieces for its sharp details, has a frieze with a detailed iconographic work. Due to its characteristics, it is likely that this piece would have been covered by metal plates of gold.
(kala = stone; saya or sayasta = standing) or Temple of the standing stones is found in Tiwanaku, Bolivia, in this temple they verified the changing seasons and the solar year of 365 days. In both equinox (autumn and spring March 21: September 21) the sun rose in the center of the main entrance, which is accessed by a magnificent staircase. In the winter solstice (June 21st) the sun rose in the NE Murari angle, the summer solstice (December 21) was marked by the rising of the Sun in the SE Murari angle. This wall is known as "balconera wall " or "chunchukala".
The "Temple of the Standing Stones covers approximately 2 hectares and its structure is based on columns of sandstone and cut blocks arranged between them, with gargoyles or drips to drain rainwater that stand out.
("Puerta del Puma") is a temple with unique architectural quality. It covers an approximat e area of two hectares, it is a pyramidal structure based on three platforms formed by carved stones, the floor is rectangular with two flaps that extend from north to south in the eastern sector.
This building was erected at the end of the classical period of Tiwanaku, since the technique is much more refined and evolved than other buildings, highlighting the impeccable handling of the lithic material.
Akapana" is a stunning pyramidal structure, with 8,000 meters of perimeter, 7 terraces, 18 meters high. At its peak, according to the chronicles, there were beautiful buildings. The retaining walls of the first terrace were covered with rusticated stone and the following with blocks of stones perfectly cut, these differences in construction techniques, make us assume that the work was completed in a long time. At the top there was a semi-subterranean temple which would have had a cruciform base as an Andean cross.
CHURCH OF TIWANAKU
Completed in 1612, the church has a pulpit and a seventeenth-century altarpiece and a beautiful silver front of the same century similar to that of Jesus of Machaca,making it one of the most important churches in the region.
ECOTOURISM COMMUNITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP PACHA CHOJASIVI AYMARA
Located in the department of La Paz in the province of "Los Andes" in the municipality of Pucarani in the community of "Chojasivi" in the tourist destination "Lake Titicaca".
Shelter, interpretive center, food, local guides, packs animals, porters.